CATEDRAL SÃO BAsÍLIO - MoscoU
The Intercession Cathedral (Pokrovsky Cathedral, better known as the Cathedral of St. Basil the Blessed or St. Basil's Cathedral) was commissioned by Ivan the Terrible and built between 1534 and 1561 in Moscow.
St. Basil's was built to commemorate the capture of Khanate of Kazan. Since the Kazan Qolsharif mosque had been the principal symbol of the Khanate, some elements from the mosque were incorporated into the cathedral to symbolize the victory.
In 1588, Tsar Fedor Ivanovich had a chapel added on the eastern side above the grave of St. Basil Fool for Christ (yurodivy Vassily Blazhenny), a Russian Orthodox saint after whom the cathedral was named.
What do See
In a garden at the front of the cathedral stands a bronze statue commemorating Dmitry Pozharsky and Kuzma Minin, who rallied Russia's volunteer army against the Polish invaders during the Time of Troubles in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. The statue was originally constructed in the center of Red Square, but the Soviet government felt it obstructed parades and moved the statue in front of the cathedral in 1936.
|endereço:||Red Square, Moscow, Russia|
|horários:||Mon.-Sat. 11-6, Sun. 10-6; closed 1st Mon. of month.|